A significant port and settlement known as Temasek later renamed Singapura existed on the island of Singapore in the 14th century Vietnamese records indicate possible diplomatic relationship between Temasek and Vietnam in the 13th century and Chinese documents describe settlements there in the 14th century it was likely a vassal state of both the Majapahit Empire and the Siamese at different times in the 14th century. Around the end of the 14th century its ruler Parameswara was attacked by either the Majapahit or the Siamese forcing him to move on to Melaka where he founded the Sultanate of Malacca, Archaeological evidence suggests that the main settlement on present-day Fort Canning was abandoned around this time although a small-scale trading settlement continued in Singapore for some time afterwards. Between the 16th and 19th centuries the Malay archipelago was gradually taken over by the European colonial powers beginning with the Portuguese conquest of the Malacca Sultanate in 1511 In 1613 the Portuguese burnt down a trading settlement at the mouth of the Singapore River after which Singapore lapsed into insignificance in the history of the region for two hundred years, Japanese artillery unit at the Koishikawa arsenal Tokyo in 1882 Photographed by Hugues Krafft. Industry sectors, The Tun Razak government announced the New Economic Policy (NEP) in 1971 Its stated goal was to "eventually eradicate poverty. irrespective of race" through a "rapidly expanding economy" which emphasised to increase the Malays' share in the national economy to a reasonable portion between all the races The NEP targeted a 30 per cent Malay share of the economy by 1990 The government contended that this would lead to a "just society" ("Masyarakat Adil") the latter slogan being used to promote acceptance of the policy Quotas in education and the civil service that the Constitution had explicitly provided for were expanded by the NEP which also mandated government interference in the private sector For instance 30% of all shares in initial public offerings (IPOs) would be disbursed by the government to selective Bumiputras The old civil service hiring quota of 4 Malays for every non-Malay's was effectively disregarded in practice; between 1969 and 1973 98% of all new government employees were Malay Five new universities were opened under the NEP two of which were targeted to focus on the poor Malays and Muslims citizens, 1940: 376,000 active with 2 million reserves in 31 divisions.
Main article: Shanghai International Settlement Islam 6.3 Recent climate The MSCI World Index of Equities fell while the US dollar index rose. Parliamentary privilege which allows the legislature to discuss any issue it deems relevant without fear of consequences stemming from defamatory statements or records thereof. 4.1 Criticism Centralised Institute 18,916 1,927 Flag of Singapore.svg. ! Companies listed on Singapore Exchange 3.1 Climate variability House of Commons Monarchy Data scaling. The IRA gave clear reasons for the execution I think it is unfortunate that anyone has to be killed but the furor created by Mountbatten's death showed up the hypocritical attitude of the media establishment As a member of the House of Lords Mountbatten was an emotional figure in both British and Irish politics What the IRA did to him is what Mountbatten had been doing all his life to other people; and with his war record I don't think he could have objected to dying in what was clearly a war situation He knew the danger involved in coming to this country In my opinion the IRA achieved its objective: people started paying attention to what was happening in Ireland, See also: Independence of Singapore Agreement 1965. 5.2 Private health insurance Human activities can also change earth's climate and are presently driving climate change through global warming. There is no general agreement in scientific media or policy documents as to the precise term to be used to refer to anthropogenic forced change; either "global warming" or "climate change" may be used the first describes the average effect on a global scale whilst the second describes how different geographical regions are affected differently, The public transport system is regulated by the Land Transport Authority which oversees the three main modes of public transportation Fare regulation and bus service standards are under the purview of an independent body the Public Transport Council while TransitLink established by SBS Transit SMRT Trains and SMRT Buses helps to create a system with a common fare-payment mode information platform and a physical network without duplication of services.